Notes for reasons, course, reaction and effects of “The Great Irish Potato Famine” :

fungus Phytophthora infestans four to 5 years in a row , 1846 -1852 , 1 million ~ 1/8 died , 1/3 ~ 2 million emigrated , 1846 blight harmed the crop harvest , deficit 60% of population’s demand , gap could not be filled , import 3x than export , 1847 artificial starvation , import increase enormously , sufficient if fair distributed , ideological resistance : ideology militated against heavy and sustained relief , political inertia : export , soup-kitchen six months , March to September 1847 , July 1847 3 million fed , inexpensive and effective , low wages , inflation of food prices , restrictions for the poor law , eviction by landlords 500,000 between 1846 and 1854 , pauperized farmers and labourers , no aid for emigration , doctrine of laissez-faire , Protestant evangelical believe in divine Providence , ethnic prejudice against Catholic Irish , laissez-faire : no soup-kitchen , no influence on economy , no help for emigrants , Providentialism : evil to interfere in Irish economy , Irish agrarian regime caused famine due to inefficiency and abuse , famine as deep and inveterateot of social evil , stroke of Providence divine , moralism : defects of Irish national character , disorder , violence , filth , laziness , lack of self-reliance , task labour , low wages according to finished tasks , unpleasant work reducing sloth

Sources:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/victorians/famine_01.shtml

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